Birth certificate iraq or iraqui

The UNHCR card for asylum seekers, issued as part of its temporary protection regime, offers little protection against deportation and no other benefits. Jordanian policy is to notify UNHCR when its law-enforcement officials detain asylum-seeker card holders on immigration violations and to allow UNHCR staff to visit them in the detention centers to conduct refugee status determinations.

During that year Jordan deported Iraqis who had held asylum-seeker cards but whom UNHCR rejected as refugees according to the Refugee Convention refugee definition. This raises immediate questions about the thoroughness of the RSDs and the refugee-definition standards on which they are based, the right to appeal negative UNHCR decisions, other due process rights that might be compromised in a detention setting, and, most obviously, the meaning and value of a supposed temporary protection regime that fails to protect everyone-including rejected asylum seekers-from deportation based on conditions of generalized violence.

Rejected asylum seekers are subject to deportation, though UNHCR informs anyone whose application has been rejected that they may appeal the refugee agency's rejection of their refugee claims. In most cases detained asylum seekers do appeal UNHCR's first-instance rejection of their claims, according to UNHCR, and their deportations are suspended while the appeals are pending though they remain in detention. Under normal circumstances rejected asylum seekers are no longer of concern to UNHCR, and their deportation would not raise protection concerns.

Under a temporary protection regime, however, all nationals of the country experiencing warfare or generalized violence should fall under UNHCR's protection, even those who do not meet the Refugee Convention refugee definition.

Several Iraqi protesters killed when trying to break into Iran consulate in Karbala

That Jordan nevertheless deported rejected asylum seekers in shows that it was not inclined to heed UNHCR's request to show flexibility. Despite the temporary protection regime, UNHCR does not regard these forced returns as refoulement and did not consider them as "people of concern" a wider formulation that UNHCR sometimes uses at the time they were deported.

Human Rights Watch regards the forced return of such Iraqis as refoulement because they sought protection in Jordan and because of the high level of risk of serious harm they face upon being forcibly returned to Iraq.


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In practice even the asylum-seeker card's supposed limited protection of a guaranteed UNHCR refugee-status interview had broken down by the time of Human Rights Watch's visit. While this man had committed a violation of Jordanian law by working without a permit, international law-the principle of nonrefoulement -nevertheless protects him from being returned to Iraq should he face there the likelihood of persecution, torture, or other serious harm. Since returning to Iraq, the wife said that her husband has been injured in a terrorist attack and suffered a heart attack.

The authorities failed to respect the fact that he was carrying a UNHCR card, and thus clearly committed refoulement when they forcibly returned him to Iraq. Jordan regards asylum seekers who sought recognition as refugees with UNHCR during the Saddam Hussein era but who at the time were rejected as illegal aliens as subject to deportation, even though the circumstances in Iraq have changed and they may now be seriously harmed if returned. Despite proclaiming a blanket temporary protection regime UNHCR has refused to issue asylum-seeker cards intended to provide temporary protection to previously rejected asylum seekers, even though they now have the same needs for temporary protection as other de facto refugees living in Jordan.

Formerly rejected refugee claimants have lived in Jordan for many years, and many have experienced various forms of hardship. He said that he fled Iraq in after the government executed five of his relatives. He said that UNHCR rejected his refugee claim and that his family had been accruing large overstayer fines ever since his visa expired. Faced with the possibility that the Jordanian authorities might arrest, detain, and deport his wife and five children, he decided to send them back to Iraq but felt that it would be too risky for him to return with them.

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The Jordanian border officials stamped their passports with red exclusion stamps. He does not know when he will see them again. He said that the UNHCR office has repeatedly turned him away since the war began, and seven months ago well within the time frame of the temporary protection regime took away his old asylum-seeker card, leaving him with nothing to show the police if he is arrested for overstaying his visa.

An Assyrian [79] Christian woman who has lived in Jordan since told Human Rights Watch of her increasingly desperate attempts to find temporary protection for her family after UNHCR rejected her husband's refugee claim in Despite his disability Iraq conscripted him into its military forces, from which he deserted-a capital offense.

They arrived in Jordan in after Turkish and Syrian border guards had refused them entry at their respective borders. Jordanian police arrested her son in while walking on the street and jailed him for 13 days in the Zuhar police department for juveniles. The family found that they could not earn enough to live in Syria; the mother and children returned to Jordan shortly after being deported, but her husband remained in Syria for more than a year before rejoining them in Jordan. Jordanian police apprehended her again in late She paid the fine for overstaying her visa and went to Lebanon as part of a tourist group for three days to renew her Jordanian visa for another six months.

After the war began and UNHCR started the temporary protection regime, this woman was able to get a UNHCR asylum-seeker card in her name that includes her children but excludes her husband. The family lives in constant fear of deportation.

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My daughter worked in a picture studio, but one of her co-workers grew jealous of her and said she would call the police and report her for working illegally if she didn't quit. We are now too afraid to work. Most deportees carry neither UNHCR refugee nor asylum-seeker cards, but may well have justified claims to refugee status based on their experiences in Iraq. Jordanian police arrested him at a restaurant after a policeman apparently randomly asked him for his ID and found him to be without documents. His wife had his passport at home.

After the Jordanian police had detained her husband, she said that they requested his passport as part of the deportation process. She not only wanted UNHCR's intervention on behalf of her husband, but was afraid to take the passport to the police herself since she was also a visa overstayer: "I was afraid I would be deported too.

I was crying.

"The Silent Treatment"

They wouldn't take his passport. They were not interested to help. People make comments. They insinuate things. He doesn't work. He told me not to come back. Neither person had registered a refugee claim with UNHCR in Jordan, but one of the two, a young woman working as a translator in Baghdad's Green Zone, said she fled to Jordan because she had received death threats.

We know who all the translators are. The intelligence officers arrested her at the airport in Amman on November 18, within two weeks of the hotel bombings , when she went to pick up an American friend. She had just extended her visa the day before and was legally in Jordan. Intelligence officers interrogated her and five other Iraqis who had come to pick up people at the airport that day.

Iraq’s Post-ISIS Campaign of Revenge

They accused her of carrying a false passport andsaid she was also involved in"carrying out the explosions. At the prison, guards denied her permission to make a phone call. She asked for a lawyer, but they denied her request. She then tried to make a refugee claim, telling her jailers that she had worked for U.

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She was deported on November Human Rights Watch spoke to her by telephone in Baghdad. She left soon thereafter for Egypt. The seconddeportee, a young man, also gave good reasons for fleeing Iraq but said that Jordanian police did not provide him any opportunity to explain his circumstances or to seek protection. The young man said he had gone to the airport to drop off his uncle, who was flying to the United States, but police stopped and detained him at the checkpoint on the airport road.

He spent three days in detention, during which time he made desperate calls to his family members asking for wasta intervention by people with connections in government. At the time of his arrest he had overstayed his visa by about three months. He had been in Jordan for one year, renewing his visas by exiting and re-entering Jordan. The last time he went to renew his visa, however, the Jordanians at the Syrian border only gave him a three-day visa.

Hequickly became an overstayer.

UNHCR - Registration of Birth Certificates in Iraq (Arabic)

In a telephone interview with Human Rights Watch from Mosul, Iraq, the young deportee said he begged the intelligence officers to let him pay the JD fine, but they refused. He recalled, "There was no questioning. They only said, 'You will be deported. Military guards took him by bus to the border with about 40 other persons.

They let them off at the Karama-Trebil crossing, in the middle of nowhere.

He had to find a taxi to Baghdad and from there make his way back to his home in Mosul. He said that he has no job and no money, and that he has lost his visa appointment with the U. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan signed a Memorandum of Understanding with UNHCR in that allows the UN refugee agency to exercise its mandate to recognize refugees with the proviso that it must find places outside Jordan to resettle them within six months of recognizing them.

In response to an anticipated refugee exodus from Iraq following the U. In addition to insisting that it never agreed to the TPR, Jordan has also communicated to UNHCR that whatever need may have existed for temporary protection has long since ended.


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  • UNHCR nevertheless continues to issue the asylum-seeker cards [97] and renew them every six months as though the TPR exists, although Jordanian officials do not recognize these documents for residency status purposes and the cards provide no benefits, such as work authorization or eligibility for public assistance. Their sole utility is in the event of arrest to enable the detained card bearer to ask for a visit from a UNHCR official to conduct a refugee status determination.

    UNHCR took no further action on Iraqi asylum claims after , leaving the people who had been issued asylum-seeker cards in limbo over their future.