Schizophrenia do not look at people
Chemistry: Scientists believe that people with schizophrenia have an imbalance of the brain chemicals or neurotransmitters: dopamine, glutamate and serotonin. These neurotransmitters allow nerve cells in the brain to send messages to each other. This problem in processing different sounds, sights, smells and tastes can also lead to hallucinations or delusions.
Structure: Some research suggests that problems with the development of connections and pathways in the brain while in the womb may later lead to schizophrenia. Viral Infections and Immune Disorders: Schizophrenia may also be triggered by environmental events, such as viral infections or immune disorders.
For instance, babies whose mothers get the flu while they are pregnant are at higher risk of developing schizophrenia later in life. People who are hospitalized for severe infections are also at higher risk. The signs of schizophrenia are different for everyone. Symptoms may develop slowly over months or years, or may appear very abruptly. The disease may come and go in cycles of relapse and remission.
Anyone who experiences several of these symptoms for more than two weeks should seek help immediately. A medical or mental health professional may use the following terms when discussing the symptoms of schizophrenia. If you suspect someone you know is experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia, encourage them to see a medical or mental health professional immediately.
Early treatment--even as early as the first episode--can mean a better long-term outcome. While no cure for schizophrenia exists, many people with this illness can lead productive and fulfilling lives with the proper treatment. Recovery is possible through a variety of services, including medication and rehabilitation programs. Rehabilitation can help a person recover the confidence and skills needed to live a productive and independent life in the community.
Types of services that help a person with schizophrenia include:. All in all, establishing boundaries is one of the most thoughtful things you can do. It can even draw you closer together. It may seem odd to ask "How should one behave towards a person with schizophrenia or allied disorder. The general public feels embarrassed and sometimes frightened to hold a conversation with a person who has mental illness.
This pamphlet tries to give some pointers as to how to behave and is for families and for the general public. We have learned that we need to speak slowly and clearly to persons with schizophrenia: to make the sentences short so that they are not too complicated; to wait to make sure that what we are saying is reaching the person.
A person with schizophrenia replies: "My concentration often floats in and out so that I only hear part of a sentence. Maybe I will miss two or three words. This will make it very difficult for me to understand. Recently I went on a family outing. There were other families there and I could hear everything that everyone was saying to everyone else. The sound and all the people moving about came in on me so much I began to get quite frightened. I was agitated and irritated at the same time.
I felt I wanted to defend myself in some way. My dad took me to a quiet place where we sat and had a cup of tea. We didn't talk about it. We just sat and drank our tea and I began to feel less threatened. We have been advised that people with schizophrenia need structure in their lives; that routines are comforting and predictable and therefore useful to someone whose medical condition often makes life unpredictable.
It is suggested that it is useful to help them set up a schedule and a few tasks to accomplish. Some people with schizophrenia are very disabled or become disabled from time to time. It is not always possible for them to follow a schedule, although it is beneficial to try to maintain a definite routine.
Helping someone with schizophrenia
Break tasks into simple components to create the possibility of success, and to encourage the feeling of being useful. Give only one instruction at a time. Sometimes you may feel you are walking on broken glass when your relative or someone you know is having a particularly difficult time. At that time you have to summon up all your energy so that you can maintain their trust while at the same time maintaining equilibrium at home.
Here are some ideas towards that goal. Many of these behaviours should also be adopted by the general public. Sooner or later when a person has Sz a crisis will occur.
When this happens there are some things you can do to reduce or avoid the potential for disaster. Here are a few pointers:. Often, a relative or friend will move or change his circumstances in some way without informing anyone. Social workers and other mental illness professionals are inclined to tell parents to "Let him take responsibility for doing this," or "It will be a learning experience for her.
Our advice differs. We know from experience that many persons with Sz are often unable to take responsibility for informing others about such matters. If we leave them to do so we are likely to end up dealing with the much more complicated mess that will have to be sorted out when the consequences of this lack of action come about. Rent is neglected; possessions are left behind; premises are left uncleaned. People like to feel that they are in control of their lives.
Sometimes it is difficult to persuade someone with schizophrenia to do what is best for them. Thus it is useful to offer a choice. A lot of people of my acquaintance complain that all psychiatrists are good for is prescribing pills or giving injections? They'd like to talk about their housing and they'd like to talk about what the psychiatrist can do to help them get back to work or at least what would be their strengths if they tried. I don't know whether anyone has a psychiatrist who will help like this. Usually it's See the social worker?.
What are the signs & symptoms of schizophrenia?
But one of the men I see when I go for my appointment says the social worker is never in when he comes for his appointment. The trouble with me is that I have such high anxiety just walking in the out-patient door that by the time the doctor says Come in? So it's a case of him saying How've you been??
He's trying to help but I'm about to explode.
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So I guess all my psychiatrist is good for is prescribing pills.? I dread holiday times when families are all supposed to get together, eat and drink and generally enjoy each others? For me, times like these bring back feelings of disappointment, resentment, sadness and a whole host of other emotions.
Christmas, for example, has not been a good time for me or the family for many years. There were times my brother was in hospital, times he was home but barely stable, times he had to be taken to hospital during the holiday, times the police came. If I dread it, what does it mean to him? When he thinks a lot is expected of him, he usually handles it well for a few hours, but after that he crashes? Last year each visiting family member took my brother aside for a mini-visit, a one on one chat and that seemed to work a little.
At least he knew everyone cared. But when it came to the big dinner he disappeared to his room. He just cannot process a lot of noise, people,snatches of conversation - it's just too much for him.? Use some of that attitude in rethinking your treatment and interaction with a person who suffers from schizophrenia who may live near you.
Helping Someone with Schizophrenia
This doesn't mean that you need to be overly friendly, but don't ignore them, engage them in conversation, but don't be intrusive. People with Sz, like a physically frail person, cannot defend themselves as well as a person in full possession of physical powers. They are also often on heavy doses of medication which may slur their speech or make them react slowly.
Take into account that sometimes the person may be anxious and may withdraw. Let people withdraw, but leave the door open. Maybe ask them to visit you when they feel they are able. Offer a cake or a plant or some other friendly gesture.
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Good communication involves: 1. Knowing when to communicate 2. Knowing what to communicate 3.